The oldest descriptions of cancer were written in Egypt as early as 3000 B.C., as part of an ancient Egyptian textbook on surgery. The name, "cancer" comes from the Greek word carcinos, which means crab. Hippocrates used this term to describe the disease because of the projections of a cancer invading nearby tissues. During the 16th century, when the theory of bodily humors prevailed, it was believed that an excess of black bile caused cancer. The renowned anatomist Andreas Vesalius searched diligently for this black bile and ultimately discarded the this theory when he was unable to find it. In 1838 a botanist named Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann, a physiologist, proposed that all living things were composed of fundamental units called cells. Shortly after the introduction of this idea, Virchow (the "father" of pathology) proposed that cells only arose from other cells and that growth could only occur as a result of hypertrophy or hyperplasia. Virchow studied cancers under with a microscope and recognized that they represented hyperplasia in an extreme form that he dubbed "neoplasia."
almost 3 years ago
National Institutes of Health Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications Basic Medical Pathology: Morphological Expressions of Cell Injury AVA...
over 2 years ago
Video tutorial outlining the basic anatomy and physiology of the liver followed by a summary of acute and chronic liver disease, hepatic failure and cirrhosis.
about 6 years ago
All images in this article taken from the Nice guidelines on Hypertension, and reproduced in accordance with the terms on conditions of the author. WHO criteria for defining hypertension: Under 50 – should try to get it under 140/90
almostadoctor.com - free medical student revision notes
over 3 years ago
"Stroke Series" video 2 of 7: Lobar haemorrhage and hypertensive haemorrhage are two distinct forms of haemorrhagic stroke. This video discusses the imaging characteristics of primary lobar haemorrhage, the underlying pathology (cerebral amyloid angiopathy) and the relevant differential diagnosis.
over 4 years ago
A review of the pathology of asthma and COPD, including the role of the immune system, along with the mechanisms behind the hypercapnia and hypoxemia of COPD...
over 2 years ago
Struggling with Pathology? Why not join Howard Reisner, co-author of the bestselling Rubin’s Pathology, and Essentials of Rubin's Pathology, about Cell Injury and death. In it, he covers a variety of essential topics. For more information, or to purchase your copy of one of Dr Reisner’s books, visit [www.lww.co.uk](http://lww.co.uk). Save 15% (and get free P&P) on this, and a whole host of other [LWW titles](http://lww.co.uk) when you use the code MEDUCATION when you check out!
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
over 4 years ago
A mnemonic for B vitamins - convoluted, but it's better than brute force memorization. Please SUBSCRIBE for new videos: More cool stuff coming as we get more Hippo Helpers! Pathology tutorial playlist at: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLIPkjUW-piR2HEbxFVzJ-jIH0TxcBrc_K In addition to a quick introduction to B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6 and B12, there are keywords at the end for fat-soluble vitamin A, D, E, and K. PS: Cobalamin is intentionally mispronounced as "Cobalbumin" - it helps remember the anemia association, like how "Albumin" is in the blood :) Visit: http://helphippo.com for archived videos, organized by topic/school year.
almost 4 years ago