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12
0
143

Priapism and Hematuria

<p>Why is a 12 hour erection a bad thing? How should we manage the patient with bloody urine? A curbside consult with urologist Brian Shaffer, MD.&nbsp;</p <p>Your emails</p <p>An unusual southern accent</p <p>and much more...</p <p>&nbsp;</p <p><em><strong><span style="font-size: x-large; color: #0000ff;">Urology Primer</span></strong></em></p <p>&nbsp;</p <p><strong><span style="font-size: large;">Priapism<span style="font-size: 10px; font-weight: normal;">&nbsp;a rare condition that causes a persistent, and often painful, penile erection.</span></span></strong></p <p>&nbsp;</p <p>Priapism is drug induced, injury related, or caused by disease, not sexual desire. As in a normal erection, the penis fills with blood and becomes erect. However, unlike a normal erection that dissipates after sexual activity ends, the persistent erection caused by priapism is maintained because the blood in the penile shaft does not drain. The shaft remains hard, while the tip of the penis is soft. If it is not relieved promptly, priapism can lead to permanent scarring of the penis and inability to have a normal erection.</p <p>&nbsp;</p <p><strong><span style="font-size: large;">Clot retention</span></strong></p <p>blood clots in the bladder prevent urine emptying</p <p>&nbsp;</p <p><span style="font-size: large;"><strong>Coude Catheter</strong></span></p <p>a semi-rigid catheter that has a curve or bend at the tip. The curved tip allows it to navigate over the curvature of the prostate or any other urethral obstruction it may encounter. A Coude catheter is specifically designed for this purpose. Coude catheters are available in size 8 French to size 26 French.</p <p>&nbsp;</p <p><strong><span style="font-size: large;">De Novo</span></strong></p <p>The Latin expression de novo literally means something akin to "from the beginning" or "anew"</p <p>&nbsp;</p <p><strong><span style="font-size: large;">Interstitial cystitis</span></strong></p <p>also called painful bladder syndrome &mdash; is a chronic condition characterized by a combination of uncomfortable bladder pressure, bladder pain and sometimes pain in your pelvis, which can range from mild burning or discomfort to severe pain.</p <p>&nbsp;</p <p><strong><span style="font-size: large;">Cystoscopy</span></strong></p <p>the use of a scope (cystoscope) to examine the bladder. This is done either to look at the bladder for abnormalities or to help with surgery being performed on the inside of the urinary tract (transurethral surgery).</p <p>&nbsp;</p <p><strong><span style="font-size: large;">CT Urogram</span></strong></p <p>A urogram is a radiograph, or X-ray image, of the urinary tract.&nbsp;</p <p>&nbsp;</p <p><strong><span style="font-size: large;">TURP</span></strong></p <p>transurethral resection of the prostate</p <p>&nbsp;</p <p><strong><span style="font-size: large;">Foley catheter</span></strong></p <p>a thin, sterile tube inserted into the bladder to drain urine. Because it can be left in place in the bladder for a period of time, it is also called an indwelling catheter. It is held in place with a balloon at the end, which is filled with sterile water to hold it in place. The urine drains into a bag and can then be taken from an outlet device to be drained</p <p>&nbsp;</p <p>&nbsp;</p>  
Rob Orman, MD
about 8 years ago
13
1
8

The Emerging Role of Molecular Markers in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: a Webinar by Dr. Nathan Pennell (audio)

<p><span style="font-family: Times; font-size: medium;"> </span></p <div style="color: #000000; font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; background-image: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-color: #ffffff; background-position: initial initial; margin: 8px;" <p><span style="font-family: arial, sans, sans-serif; font-size: small;"><span style="font-size: 13px; white-space: pre-wrap;"><span style="font-family: Times; font-size: medium; white-space: normal;"> </span></span></span></p <span style="font-family: arial, sans, sans-serif; font-size: small;" <div style="color: #000000; font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; background-image: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-color: #ffffff; background-position: initial initial; margin: 8px;" <p><span style="font-family: arial, sans, sans-serif; font-size: small;"><span style="font-size: 13px; white-space: pre-wrap;">Dr. Nathan Pennell, medical oncologist and lung cancer expert at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, reviews the current evidence and future directions for use of molecular markers such as EGFR, KRAS, ERCC-1, EML4-ALK, and others in NSCLC.</span></span></p </div </span <p>&nbsp;</p </div <p>&nbsp;</p>  
Howard (Jack) West, MD
about 8 years ago
1
1
30

Interview with Dr. Matthew Horton, Pathologist Part 2: Neuroendocrine Lung Tumors and Bronchioloalveolar Carcinoma (audio)

<p><font face="'Lucida Grande', Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="3"><span style="font-size: 11px; white-space: pre-wrap;"><span style="font-family: Times; font-size: medium; white-space: normal;" <div style="color: #000000; font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 10px; background-image: initial; background-repeat: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-color: #ffffff; background-position: initial initial; margin: 8px;" <p><font face="'Lucida Grande', Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size="3"><span style="font-size: 11px; white-space: pre-wrap;"><span style="font-family: arial, sans, sans-serif; font-size: 13px;">Dr. Matthew Horton, specialist in lung pathology at CellNetix in Seattle, WA, discusses the neuroendocrine spectrum of lung tumors and the evolving views on bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC).</span></span></font></p </div </span></span></font></p>  
Howard (Jack) West, MD
about 8 years ago
6
2
36

Evaluation of limp

<p><span style="font-size: 11px; color: #333333;">This podcast gives students an approach to the evaluation of limp in children and provides an oveview of a number of common or serious causes of limp. &nbsp;This podcast was written by Peter MacPherson and &nbsp;Dr. Janet Ellsworth. Peter is a medical student at the University of Alberta. Dr. Ellsworth is the Divisional Director of pediatric rheumatology at the Stollery Children&rsquo;s Hospital in Edmonton and a Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Alberta. These podcasts are designed to give medical students an overview of key topics in pediatrics. The audio versions are accessible on iTunes. You can find more great pediatrics content at www.pedscases.com.</span></p>  
Pedscases.Com
about 8 years ago
8
3
111

Altered Level of Consciousness

<p><span style="color: #333333; font-size: small;">This episode covers an approach to children with altered level of consciousness. &nbsp;We present an approach to the initial management in these cases, with a focus on the ABC and DFG approach. Investigations and imaging are discussed. Some specific causes of altered LOC are covered. &nbsp;This episode was written by Peter MacPherson and Dr. Melanie Lewis. Peter is a medical student at the University of Alberta. Dr. Lewis is a general pediatrician and an Associate Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Alberta and Stollery Children's Hospital. She is also the Clerkship Director.&nbsp;</span></p <p><span style="color: #333333; font-size: small;">~~~</span></p <p><!--StartFragment--></p <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-family: Times;"><span style="font-size: small;"> <!--StartFragment--> </span></span></p <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-family: Verdana;">Differential Diagnosis of Altered Level of Consciousness:</span></p <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-family: Verdana;">1) Structural causes: cerebrovascular accident, cerebral vein thrombosis, hydrocephalus, intracerebral tumor, subdural empyema, trauma (intracranial hemorrhage, diffuse cerebral swelling, abusive head trauma/shaken baby syndrome)</span></p <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-family: Verdana;">2) Medical causes: anoxia, diabetic ketoacidosis, electrolyte abnormality, encephalopathy, hypoglycemia, hypothermia or hyperthermia, infection (sepsis), inborn errors of metabolism, intussusception, meningitis or encephalitis, psychogenic, postictal state, toxins, uremia (hemolytic-uremic syndrome)</span></p <div style="border: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext .75pt; padding: 0in 0in 1.0pt 0in;" <p class="MsoNormal" style="border: none; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .75pt; padding: 0in; mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 1.0pt 0in;"><span style="font-family: Verdana;">Adapted from: Avner J (2006) Altered states of consciousness. <em>Pediatr Rev</em></span><span style="font-family: Verdana;"> 27: 331-338.</span></p </div <p>&nbsp;</p>  
Pedscases.Com
about 8 years ago
11
2
45

Chronic Abdominal Pain

<p>This podcast addresses chronic abdominal pain in children. It gives medical students an approach to the history and physical examination in chronic abdominal pain and discusses the role of investigations. 'Red Flag' findings on history and physical exam are stressed. We specifically discuss Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Peptic Ulcer Disease, Constipation, Lactose Intolerance and Functional Abdominal Pain.&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 11px; color: #333333;">This episode was written by Peter MacPherson and Dr. Melanie Lewis. Peter is a medical student at the University of Alberta. Dr. Lewis is a general pediatrician and an Associate Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Alberta and Stollery Children's Hospital. She is also the Clerkship Director.&nbsp;</span></p>  
Pedscases.Com
about 8 years ago
29748
2
48

Cranial Nerves Examination - Normal

Orientation, Memor Asking questions about month, date, day of week and place tests orientation, which involves not only memory but also attention and language. Three-word recall tests recent memory for which the temporal lobe is important. Remote memory tasks such as naming Presidents, tests not only the temporal lobes but also heteromodal association cortices. Attention-working memory Digit span, spelling backwards and naming months of the year backward test attention and working memory which are frontal lobe functions Judgement-abstract reasoning These frontal lobe functions can be tested by using problem solving, verbal similarities and proverbs Set generation This is a test of verbal fluency and the ability to generate a set of items which are frontal lobe functions. Most individuals can give 10 or more words in a minute. Receptive language Asking the patient to follow commands demonstrates that they understand the meaning of what they have heard or read. It is important to test reception of both spoken and written language. Expressive language In assessing expressive language it is important to note fluency and correctness of content and grammar. This can be accomplished by tasks that require spontaneous speech and writing, naming objects, repetition of sentences, and reading comprehension. Praxis The patient is asked to perform skilled motor tasks without any nonverbal prompting. Skills tested for should involve the face then the limbs. In order to test for praxis the patient must have normal comprehension and intact voluntary movement. Apraxia is typically seen in lesions of the dominant inferior parietal lobe. Gnosis Gnosis is the ability to recognize objects perceived by the senses especially somatosensory sensation. Having the patient (with their eyes closed) identify objects placed in their hand (stereognosis) and numbers written on their hand (graphesthesia) tests parietal lobe sensory perception. Dominant parietal lobe function Tests for dominant inferior parietal lobe function includes right-left orientation, naming fingers, and calculations. Non-dominant parietal lobe function The non-dominant parietal lobe is important for visual spatial sensory tasks such as attending to the contralateral side of the body and space as well as constructional tasks such as drawing a face, clock or geometric figures. Visual recognition Recognition of colors and faces tests visual association cortex (inferior occiptotemporal area). Achromatopsia (inability to distinguish colors), visual agnosia (inability to name or point to a color) and prosopagnosia (inability to identify a familiar faces) result from lesions in this area.  
Neurologic Exam
over 7 years ago
Preview
2
14

The Ultimate OphthalmoloGAME

Players compete using their knowledge of Ophthalmology for the honour of the Ultimate OphthalmoloGAME trophy pictured in the centre of the board Rules 1. Before rolling the die, players must complete an ophthalmology based challenge 2. The type of challenge the player must complete is dependent on the colour that their piece is on at the beginning of their turn 3. All players begin on Dark Purple (Multiple Choice Question 3. Categories are as follows Blue: Visual challenge, competitor looks into one of 5 randomly selected cups and must identify the type of retinal pathology as would be seen when using ophthalmoscopy Lilac: Case based question, clinical judgement question based on features of history and examinatio Silver: Eye Pictionary, other competitors must guess the ophthalmology related word via the competitor's artistic skill Dark purple: Multiple choice question, competitor must correctly select the answer to an ophthalmology based questio 4. If the competitor successfully completes their challenge, they are allowed to roll the die and move their piece forward accordingly 5. However, if the competitor fails to complete their challenge, they are not permitted to move forward and must complete a challenge of the same category on their next turn 6. The winner of the Ultimate Ophthalmology trophy is the first player to make a full circuit of the iris, reaching the pupil in doing so.  
Emma Papworth
over 7 years ago
Preview 300x225
3
26

The Ultimate OphthalmoloGAME

Players compete using their knowledge of Ophthalmology for the honour of the Ultimate OphthalmoloGAME trophy pictured in the centre of the board. Rules 1. Before rolling the die, players must complete an ophthalmology based challenge 2. The type of challenge the player must complete is dependent on the colour that their piece is on at the beginning of their turn 3. All players begin on Dark Purple (Multiple Choice Question 3. Categories are as follows Blue: Visual challenge, competitor looks into one of 5 randomly selected cups and must identify the type of retinal pathology as would be seen when using ophthalmoscopy Lilac: Case based question, clinical judgement question based on features of history and examinatio Silver: Eye Pictionary, other competitors must guess the ophthalmology related word via the competitor's artistic skill Dark purple: Multiple choice question, competitor must correctly select the answer to an ophthalmology based questio 4. If the competitor successfully completes their challenge, they are allowed to roll the die and move their piece forward accordingly 5. However, if the competitor fails to complete their challenge, they are not permitted to move forward and must complete a challenge of the same category on their next turn 6. The winner of the Ultimate Ophthalmology trophy is the first player to make a full circuit of the iris, reaching the pupil in doing so.  
Emma Papworth
over 7 years ago
8
1
11

Boxmedicine - Arterial blood gas interpretation (in 3 easy steps)

Do ABGs confuse you? Here is a presentation of 3 simple steps with a colour-coding system to deconfuddle you. It is so simple. Or perhaps you're already good at them? There are 13 examples that you will be walked-through. Press pause and play to test yourself against the tutor's interpretation. More tutorials at www.boxmedicine.com.  
Mr Danny Sinitsky
over 4 years ago
12
2
26

human-body-anatomy-subway-map-image

Anyone who’s ever taken an anatomy class knows just how hard it can be to get to grips with our complicated bodies. This simple and fun depiction of the human body makes memorizing all the bits that keep us alive fun. The colour coordinating and playful representation of  
Urban Times
over 4 years ago
Preview
7
229

TeachMeAnatomy - Making Anatomy Simple

Containing over 700 vibrant, full-colour images, TeachMeAnatomy is a comprehensive anatomy encyclopedia presented in a visually-appealing, easy-to-read format.  
teachmeanatomy.info
over 4 years ago
Preview
1
5

29 Students Of Colour At Cambridge And SOAS Launch Their Own Campaigns To Share Their Experiences At University

Students from Cambridge and the School of Oriental and African Studies have taken inspiration from initiatives by black and ethnic minority...  
BuzzFeed
over 4 years ago
1
0
11

arterial-blood-gas

Do ABGs confuse you? Here is a presentation of 3 simple steps with a colour-coding system to deconfuddle you. Or perhaps you're already good at them? There are 13 examples that you will be walked-through. Press pause and play to test yourself against the tutor's interpretation.  
boxmedicine.com
over 4 years ago
Preview
1
11

What Colour is a Dead Chameleon? - The Naked Scientists

Naked Scientists - 18th Dec 2011 - What Colour is a Dead Chameleon?  
thenakedscientists.com
over 4 years ago
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1
14

Internal medicine on Instagram: “Color fundus photograph of nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy showing reintal hemorrhages, yellow lipid exudates, and dull white cotton…”

“Color fundus photograph of nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy showing reintal hemorrhages, yellow lipid exudates, and dull white cotton wool spots…”  
Instagram
over 4 years ago
Preview
1
9

IRS TAX TIPS & RESOURCES

Tax is the membership cost, levied by the government, for being part of a society. The money is taken from you and spent on a number of services which are considered to be in your interest - and every few years you can choose what colour rosettes the people who take this money from you will be wearing. There are a number of different forms of tax, with each country (and in some cases each state) having its own rules. In the UK, tax is mainly in 3 forms:  
Themeefy
over 4 years ago
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1
11

Histology

A brief but effective presentation of comparative histology for veterinary students, interns or residents reviewing for their specialty board exams or for a practitioner looking for an excellent quick reference source. This 100 page presentation boasts 39 chapters covering normal histology of the domestic animals and commonly seen exotics. Over 95 original full color drawings clearly and accurately present the normal morphology and organ differentiation of tissues. The presentation on classical embryology is especially helpful to student first learning this information. It is consistent with the Quick Look series, containing over 100 multiple choice questions to aid understanding. The well integrated CD-ROM contains over 250 full color tissue specimens which serve to further understanding on the topic.Published by Teton New Media in the USA and distributed by Manson Publishing outside of North America.  
Google Books
almost 4 years ago
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1
16

Professional Guide to Pathophysiology

Professional Guide to Pathophysiology, Third Edition, combines the best of a diseases reference with the best of a full-color atlas in one clinical reference for every practice setting. This comprehensive guide focuses on the pathophysiologic developments behind more than 400 disorders across all body systems, so the practitioner fully understands the pathophysiologic rationale behind focused assessments, behind patient signs and symptoms, behind the kinds of tests that are done, and behind the treatments that are given. Now in full color throughout, the book features hundreds of illustrations depicting anatomical structures and pathophysiological processes, as well as scores of informative tables and flowcharts. P&gt;  
Google Books
over 3 years ago
Preview
2
38

Color Atlas and Text of Pulmonary Pathology

Thoroughly updated for its Second Edition, this comprehensive, profusely illustrated text/atlas covers the full range of pulmonary pathology, including common, rare and newly described diseases, both neoplastic and non-neoplastic. The book presents a multimodality approach to diagnosis, integrating cytologic, radiologic, surgical, and clinical pathologic features of each disease. By combining carefully chosen color illustrations with lists of distinguishing features of each entity, this text/atlas provides a quick path to accurate diagnosis. This edition features updated sections on pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary hemorrhage, lung transplantation, and pediatric pulmonary pathology, including new classification and grading systems. Throughout the book, new entities and new images have been added. An online image bank provides instant access to all the book's illustrations.  
Google Books
over 3 years ago