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Abdominal X-Ray - Large Bowel Obstruction

This image shows dilated loops of large bowel. It can be identified as large bowel because of the tenae coli which form bands that never cross the whole width of the bowel unlike the venae commitantes of small bowel  
Rhys Clement
over 11 years ago
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Abdominal X-Ray - Small bowel obstruction

Small bowel obstruction can be identified by the dilated loops of centrally placed bowel with the venae commitantes (circular bands of muscle) that span the entire width of the bowel as opposed to tenae coli in the large bowel which only span part of it.  
Rhys Clement
over 11 years ago
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Pleural effusion x-ray (left-sided)

This PA Chest X-Ray demonstrates a left sided pleural effusion. In this condition fluid collects between the parietal and visceral pleura and appears as a shadowy fluid level on the X-Ray with obliteration of the costophrenic angles. If you were to examine this patient they might be in respiratory distress from reduced oxygen uptake (so have low sats, high resp rate, possible cyanosis and accessory muscle useage) - they may have reduced chest expansion on the affected side and it would be stony dull to percussion. Fluid transmits sound poorly so breath sounds would be decreased as would vocal resonance/fremitus. Someone with consolidation may have very similar clinical findings but the underlying area of lung is almost solid due to pus from the infective process - as sounds travel well through solids they would have increased vocal fremitus which is how you can clinically differentiate between the two conditions. Clinical examination and understanding of conditions is paramount to practice effective medicine. Before you recieved this X-Ray you should be able to diagnose the condition and use the X-Ray to confirm your suspicions.  
Rhys Clement
over 11 years ago
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CT Abdomen showing AAA

This image is a contrast enhanced CT Scan of the abdomen. The contrast is sitting in the arterial system and displays the aorta. As we can see the aorta is grossly dilated and almost as large as the vertebral bodies showing that it is anueysmal. An aneurysm over 7cm wide has a 20% chance of rupture each year and if this happens the outcome is catastrophic  
Rhys Clement
over 11 years ago
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Brain Atlas for Medical Education

Brain exploration and automatic testing  
Thirunavuukarasuu Arumugam
over 11 years ago
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Haemothorax

This image displays a large left sided haemothorax with mediastinal displacement to the opposite side. Clinically the patient would be in respiratory distress - percussion of the left side of the chest would be dull and breath sounds and vocal resonance would be reduced. A Haemothorax such as this falls into the category of life threatening chest injuries (ATOMFC) and requires emergent treatment using a chest drain in the 5th intercostal space, mid-axillary line and treatment according to ALS or ATLS protocols. ATOMFC = A = airway obstruction, T = tension pneumothorax, O = open pneumothorax, M = massive haemothorax, F = flail chest, C = cardiac tamponade.  
Rhys Clement
over 11 years ago
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Hand Examination

In this video podcast Mr Alaistair Pace demonstrates an effective technique for examination of the hands. Further video podcasts can be found at www.surgeryandmedicine.com  
Rhys Clement
over 11 years ago
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Hernias

This is a podcast covering that oh-so-difficult topic of hernias. Specifically we shall look at: * Basic anatomy and terminology/definitions * Inguinal hernias * Femoral hernias * Incisional hernias * Umbilical/paraumbilical hernias * Rare types  
Podmedics
over 11 years ago
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Rectal And Perianal Bleeding

Rectal And Perianal Bleeding Ben Savage  
Dr Ben Savage
over 11 years ago
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Thyroid Gland Examination

Examination of the Thyroid Gland produced by St Georges University  
Dr Alastair Buick
over 11 years ago
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Abdominal examination

Video produced by St Georges University outlining the Abdominal examination  
Dr Alastair Buick
over 11 years ago
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Motor Neuron Signs

This Song Helps to Distinguish between Upper and Lower Motor Neuron Signs.  
Hugh2 Gifford2
over 12 years ago