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AbdominalPain

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438af2c0618ab7acff5504ec7bee837e1195b3729276065739039647
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Acute Abdominal Pain ddx

 
Ahmad Syahirhakim
about 6 years ago
Sinaiem dark
0
5

bloated-and-upset

47 y/o female PMH appendectomy presents with three days of worsening abdominal pain and constipation. Over the past day she has had persistent vomiting. She appears ill and has a diffusely tender abdomen. You quickly order labs and an obstructive series with upright chest XR with concern for a perforated viscus. To your surprise the CXR shows no signs of air under the diaphragm. Are there other signs of pneumoperitoneum could you look for on abdominal films?  
sinaiem.org
about 6 years ago
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30

Recognition of Common Childhood Malignancies - American Family Physician

Although cancer has an annual incidence of only about 150 new cases per 1 million U.S. children, it is the second leading cause of childhood deaths. Early detection and prompt therapy have the potential to reduce mortality. Leukemias, lymphomas and central nervous system tumors account for more than one half of new cancer cases in children. Early in the disease, leukemia may cause nonspecific symptoms similar to those of a viral infection. Leukemia should be suspected if persistent vague symptoms are accompanied by evidence of abnormal bleeding, bone pain, lymphadenopathy or hepatosplenomegaly. The presenting symptoms of a brain tumor may include elevated intracranial pressure, nerve abnormalities and seizures. A spinal tumor often presents with signs and symptoms of spinal cord compression. In children, lymphoma may present as one or more painless masses, often in the neck, accompanied by signs and symptoms resulting from local compression, as well as signs and symptoms of systemic disturbances, such as fever and weight loss. A neuroblastoma may arise from sympathetic nervous tissue anywhere in the body, but this tumor most often develops in the abdomen. The presentation depends on the local effects of the solid tumor and any metastases. An abdominal mass in a child may also be due to Wilms' tumor. This neoplasm may present with renal signs and symptoms, such as hypertension, hematuria and abdominal pain. A tumor of the musculoskeletal system is often first detected when trauma appears to cause pain and dysfunction out of proportion to the injury. Primary care physicians should be alert for possible presenting signs and symptoms of childhood malignancy, particularly in patients with Down syndrome or other congenital and familial conditions associated with an increased risk of cancer.  
aafp.org
about 6 years ago
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0
5

Emergency Medicine Literature of Note: Finally, an End to Tamulosin for Renal Colic?

Great post Ryan. Keep up the good work.I particularly like your comment about the notion p-values. Intellectually there is really no difference in a p-value of 0.04 and 0.06. But we pretend that this dichotomous cut-off has some holy meaning. There are those that advocate abandoning p-values all together as they are so often misunderstood and misinterpreted. 95% confidence intervals are probably a better focus.Enjoy the Sunnyside.  
emlitofnote.com
about 6 years ago
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13

Budesonide for treatment of people with active Crohn's disease. | Cochrane

What is Crohn's disease? Crohn's disease is a debilitating long-term (chronic) inflammatory bowel disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus. Symptoms include abdominal pain, non-bloody diarrhea and weight loss. The most common initial treatment of the Crohn's disease is oral steroid therapy. Unfortunately, traditional steroids are usually absorbed into the body and cause significant unwanted side effects. These may include but are not limited to weight gain, diabetes, growth retardation, acne, mood instability, and high blood pressure. When people with Crohn's disease are experiencing symptoms of the disease it is said to be ‘active’; periods when the symptoms stop are called ‘remission’.  
cochrane.org
about 6 years ago
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13

How to Assess & Treat Common Pregnancy Complications

Case Presentation The EMS crew of Station 4 is called to the home of a pregnant female who’s complaining of abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding that began occurring after a fall. The crew learns that she slipped on a wet floor and fell on her abdomen. She advises the lead paramedic that she’s 30 weeks pregnant and that it’s her second pregnancy. During questioning, the paramedic learns that the patient has not sought prenatal care due to severe financial difficulties and lack of insurance.  
jems.com
about 6 years ago
Www.bmj
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15

Irritable bowel syndrome: new and emerging treatments

Irritable bowel syndrome is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in developed nations. It is characterized by abdominal pain, altered bowel habits, and bloating. Several non-pharmacological and pharmacological agents, which target the peripheral gastrointestinal system and central nervous system, are used to treat the syndrome. The individual and societal impact of investigating and managing the syndrome is substantial, and despite newer treatments, many patients have unmet needs. Intense research at many international sites has improved the understanding of pathophysiology of the syndrome, but developing treatments that are effective, safe, and that have tolerable side effects remains a challenge. This review briefly summarizes the currently available treatments for irritable bowel syndrome then focuses on newer non-pharmacological and pharmacological therapies and recent evidence for older treatments. Recent guidelines on the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome are also discussed.  
feeds.bmj.com
about 6 years ago
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0
16

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are effective treatment for acute renal colic | Cochrane

Acute renal colic is the pain caused by the blockage of urine flow secondary to urinary stones. The prevalence of kidney stone is thought to be between 2% to 3%, and the incidence has been increasing in recent years due to changes in diet and lifestyle. The renal colic pain is usually a sudden intense pain located in the flank or abdominal areas. This usually happens when a urinary stone blocks the ureter (the tube connecting the kidneys to the bladder). Different types of pain killers are used to ease the discomfort. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and antispasmodics (treatment that suppresses muscle spasms) are used commonly to relieve pain and discomfort. This review aimed to assess the effectiveness of commonly used non-opioid pain killers in adult patients with acute renal colic pain. Fifty studies enrolling 5734 participants were included in this review. Treatments varied greatly and combining of studies was difficult. We found that overall NSAIDs were more effective than other non-opioid pain killers including antispasmodics for pain reduction and need for additional medication. We also found that the combining NSAIDs with antispasmodics did not increase the efficacy. No serious adverse effects were reported by any of the included studies.  
cochrane.org
about 6 years ago
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Ultrasound For the Win! Case: 38-year-old pregnant woman with acute right-sided abdominal pain #US4TW

Ultrasound For the Win! Case: 38-year-old pregnant woman with acute right-sided abdominal pain #US4TW by Dr. Jeff Shih  
aliem.com
about 6 years ago
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Medical Expulsion Therapy with Tamsulosin in Ureteral Colic - emdocs

emDocs post containing very useful emergency medicine information  
emdocs.net
about 6 years ago
Www.bmj
0
10

An elderly woman with chest pain and constipation

An 89 year old woman with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presented to the emergency department with worsening shortness of breath (87% oxygen saturation in room air), retrosternal chest pain, mild abdominal pain, and subacute partial bowel obstruction over the past six days. On physical examination she was dehydrated and she had tachycardia (105 beats/min), diffusely decreased breath sounds, audible crackles at the base of the right lung, and absent breath sounds on the left side pulmonary base. Her abdomen was distended but soft overall, the epigastrium and right hypochondium were slightly tender on deep palpation, and her rectum was empty. Her blood pressure was 130/85 mm Hg. Electrocardiography and troponin (measured at admittance and checked again after six and 12 hours) excluded myocardial infarction. Laboratory studies were unremarkable except for a mild microcytic anaemia (haemoglobin 115 g/L (reference range 120-160), mean cell volume 78.6 fL (80-96). Urgent chest radiography was requested (fig 1⇓).  
feeds.bmj.com
about 6 years ago
Www.bmj
0
17

An elderly woman with postprandial abdominal pain

An 84 year old woman presented with a five month history of central, recurrent, severe epigastric pain, which occurred about 20 minutes after eating. This was associated with nausea, occasional diarrhoea, and vomiting. She had experienced early satiety and weight loss over the last few months. Her medical history included myocardial infarction two years earlier. She also had a 40 pack year history of smoking. On examination, she was cachectic, but physical examination and digital rectal examination were otherwise unremarkable. Blood tests—including full blood count, liver functions tests, amylase, and renal function—were normal. Chest and abdominal radiographs, abdominal ultrasound, and computed tomography of the abdomen were unremarkable. Computed tomography angiography was performed (fig 1⇓).  
feeds.bmj.com
about 6 years ago